Report of the railway accidents investigated in 2015


Pre­face to the report

Pur­su­ant to the Euro­pean Par­li­ament and Council Railway Safe­ty Direc­ti­ve 2004/49/EC safe­ty inves­ti­ga­tions into railway acci­dents have been car­ried out in Esto­nia since 31 March 2004. On 1 January 2012 safe­ty inves­ti­ga­tions of the three diffe­rent trans­port sec­tors were cent­ra­li­sed into a uni­fied Safe­ty Inves­ti­ga­tion Bure­au, a unit of the Minist­ry of Eco­no­mic Affairs and Com­mu­nica­tions with special rights.

In Esto­nia, a clas­si­fica­tion of cases affec­ting railway safe­ty is iden­tical to the regu­la­tions of the Railway Safe­ty Direc­ti­ve 2004/49/EC. These are acci­dent, serious acci­dent and inci­dent. In 2015 the­re were no serious acci­dents. The Safe­ty Inves­ti­ga­tion Bure­au has a legal obli­ga­tion to inves­ti­ga­te all cases that mem­ber sta­tes are obli­ga­ted to inves­ti­ga­te pur­su­ant to the Safe­ty Direc­ti­ve.

The safe­ty inves­ti­ga­tions of railway acci­dents are con­duc­ted pur­su­ant to the gui­de­li­nes set by the legis­la­tion of the Repub­lic of Esto­nia in accor­dance with the Safe­ty Direc­ti­ve. Safe­ty inves­ti­ga­tions are inde­pen­dent and their aim is to inc­rease railway safe­ty and dec­rease the num­ber of railway acci­dents.
Since the for­ma­tion of the mul­ti­mo­dal Safe­ty Inves­ti­ga­tion Bure­au the officials res­pon­sib­le for con­duc­ting safe­ty inves­ti­ga­tions of mari­ti­me, avia­tion and railway acci­dents have lear­ned each other’s areas of work and if requi­red, work in coo­pe­ra­tion with each other, assis­ting col­le­a­gues at the request of the inves­ti­ga­tor-in- char­ge.

During the cour­se of 2015 the Safe­ty Inves­ti­ga­tion Bure­au took part in an assess­ment con­duc­ted in the Esto­nian railway sec­tor at the ini­tia­ti­ve of the Euro­pean Com­mis­sion and car­ried out by the Euro­pean Railway Agency; final results of this will be pub­lis­hed in the fol­lowing year, in 2016. During the year the Safe­ty Inves­ti­ga­tion Bure­au made pre­pa­ra­tions for deve­loping their own posi­tions on the ques­tions rai­sed during the assess­ment and for imp­le­men­ting neces­sary addi­tio­nal measu­res.